In this tutorial we’ll learn how to edit sudo file on Ubunto and Centos.

A special user, called root, has “super-user” privileges. This is an administrative account without the restrictions that are present on normal users. Users can execute commands with “super-user” or “root” privileges in a number of different ways.

In this article, we will discuss how to correctly and securely obtain root privileges, with a special focus on editing the /etc/sudoers file.

Obtain Root Privileges

Log In As Root

The simplest and most straight forward method of obtaining root privileges is simply to log into your server as the root user from the onset.

If you are logging in through SSH, specify the root user prior to the IP address or domain name in your SSH connection string:

ssh root@server_domain_or_IP

Use “su” to Become Root

We can do this by invoking the su command, which stands for “substitute user”. To gain root privileges, simply type:

su

When you have finished the tasks which require root privileges, return to your normal shell by typing:

exit

Use “sudo” to Execute Commands as Root

The final, and most complex, way of obtaining root privileges that we will discuss is with the sudocommand.

The sudo command allows you to execute one-off commands with root privileges, without the need to spawn a new shell. It is executed like this:

sudo command_to_execute

Unlike su, the sudo command will request the password of the user calling the command, not the rootpassword.

 

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